A developer will need to demonstrate that:
- Within the site, the most vulnerable development (e.g. an electricity substation) is located in areas of lowest flood risk unless there are overriding reasons to use a different location.
- The development is appropriately flood resilient and resistant, including safe access and escape routes where required, and that any residual risk can be safely managed, including by emergency planning; and it gives priority to the use of sustainable drainage systems.
- They have considered the availability of water and water infrastructure for the lifetime of the development and designed responses to promote water efficiency and protect water quality.
Site Specific Flood Risk Assessments
Site specific flood risk assessments will be required to accompany development proposals in the following situations:
- All development proposals located in flood zones 2 or 3.
- Development proposals of 1 hectare or more located in flood zone 1.
- Development sites located in an area known to have experienced flooding problems.
- Development sites located within 9m of any watercourses.
Flood risk assessments should assess all sources of flood risk and demonstrate that:
- There will be no increase in surface water discharge rates or volumes during storm events up to and including the 1 in 100 year storm event with an allowance for climate change (the design storm event).
- Developments will not flood from surface water up to and including the design storm event or any surface water flooding beyond the 1 in 30 year storm event, up to and including the design storm event will be safely contained on site.
- Development should be safe and remain operational (where necessary) and proposals should demonstrate that surface water will be managed effectively on site and that the development will not increase flood risk elsewhere, including sewer flooding.
The above policy reflects government planning guidance on sustainable flood risk management set out in the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and associated guidance. The suitability of development proposals will be assessed according to the sequential approach and where necessary the exception.
Residual Flood Risk
In any development there is a residual flood risk, which is the flood risk after all measures of risk avoidance, reduction and mitigation have been taken. Measures should be in place to manage and plan for the residual risk, such as through evacuation procedures. Defended areas should be sequentially tested as though the defences are not there. Applications will also be assessed against the Environment Agency’s standing advice on flood risk.
As in most areas of development control, the best outcomes are secured through more proactive working and early, pre-application discussions between developers and development control planners. In this way the management of surface water can be carried out effectively and also contribute towards place making and good urban design.
|Start as early as possible||Assume a standard format and cost for all SFRAs|
|Contact the Environment Agency before starting||Use an SFRA to justify preconceived land allocations and housing targets|
|Ensure geographical scope suitable for the sequential test||Assume that the Environment Agency will produce an SFRA for you or has all the information|
|Consider all sources of flooding||Assume one is not needed if there’s no history of flooding|
|Consider current and future flood risk|
Groundwater Flooding Considerations
If properties have been affected by groundwater flooding or where the local planning authority has highlighted a potential groundwater flooding issue related to a potential development, this source of flood risk should be included within the site specific flood risk assessment. A conceptual model of the groundwater on site is often required to enable the risk to be assessed and to provide a basis for designing any required mitigation measures. Data on the geology, topography, historical land use and hydrology of the site should also be incorporated into the detailed groundwater flooding assessment